domingo, 17 de diciembre de 2017

Joze Ciuha

Jože Ciuha was born on 26 April 1924 in Trbovlje. When he was four, the family moved to Videm, a village in the Krško municipality. He began school in 1930. Having enrolled in the first public ‘non-classical’ secondary school in 1936, he moved to Ljubljana to stay with his aunt. Following the outbreak of the war, he had to return to his parents. During World War Two, he was forcibly mobilised into the German army in 1943. While staying in a small town in Normandy, he nevertheless managed to desert and joined the allied forces. After a traumatic journey home, he eventually arrived in Split where he disembarked as a soldier of the 5th Overseas Brigade. In 1944, he joined the Partisans, where he was active in the field of culture. After the war, Ciuha first enrolled in the Faculty of Arts to study comparative literature, art history and archaeology. Despite his enthusiasm for literature and art, his impulse to create was stronger. In 1946 he passed his entrance examination at the Ljubljana-based Academy of Fine Arts and, after graduating in 1950, continued his studies in a postgraduate wall-painting class under Slavko Pengov. While a postgraduate student, he also taught at the Bežigrad Grammar School and was a prolific illustrator.

A considerable part of his life is crucially marked by travels, of either an educational or personal nature, which he himself refers to as “a nomadic addiction”. As a student, he visited Ohrid in Macedonia where he discovered the world of monumental frescos and the wealthy Byzantine heritage, which profoundly influenced his creativity. In 1949 he married for the first time, with his daughter Marjetka being born a year later. Ciuha left for Paris as a freelance artist in 1956, staying there for seven months. According to Ciuha himself, Paris reinvigorated him spiritually, significantly broadening his horizons. After returning home, he spent some time in Ljubljana. In 1959, he fulfilled a promise he had made over a decade before – a journey to the East. He thus set off on a study trip to Rangoon, Burma, where he intensely researched Eastern and Buddhist philosophy and spirituality. Along with Burma, Ciuha toured Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Bangladesh and India. In Rangoon he staged an exhibition showcasing the works created there, and described his travels in the travelogue Okameneli smehljaj (A Petrified Smile). Back home, he lived between Ljubljana and Poljane nad Škofjo Loko in the studio of his friend Ive Šubic. He married Radmila Novak in 1962. In 1964, he set off for South America, visiting Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru and Bolivia, where he encountered ancient Indian cultures; the book entitled Pogovori s tišino (Talking to Silence) was written during this journey. After having spent the next year in Sweden, he was invited to the Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, USA, in 1966. He there worked in a large studio at the Institute of Arts, and lectured on Buddhist art. Later he toured the USA and Mexico together with his wife. Soon after they returned home in 1968, their son Peter was born.

Despite his many travels, it was Paris that Ciuha constantly returned to, eventually moving there in the 1980s. After having started to exhibit his works, he soon met the poet and art critic Alain Bosquet. It was with the help of Bosquet that the door to the art world of Paris was opened for Ciuha. He obtained a new studio and was invited to put on several prestigious exhibitions around the world. For more than three decades, he has been living between Ljubljana, where his family lives, Paris, and the island of Šipan, where he mostly works during the summer months.

The creativity of Jože Ciuha also includes teaching, which he has been doing lately in cooperation with his son Peter, as well as collaborations with other artists. In 1969 he was one of the artists who, on the initiative of Zoran Kržišnik, co-founded Group 69, which involved “artists of different generations, different aesthetic views and different artistic expressions”, their main purpose being annual exhibitions with foreign artists invited by the members to participate. He often worked as a teacher – in the late 1950s at the Bežigrad Grammar School, in the 1970s he ran a painting seminar at the International Summer Academy in Salzburg, and lectured at the Western Michigan University, then taught graphic art at the International Graphic School in Venice for two years and lectured at the Academy of Fine Arts in Ljubljana. But, despite his teaching activities, Ciuha remains one of the few Slovenian artists to have been active primarily in the creation of art.

The creativity of Jože Ciuha has been committed to various art techniques, seasons of the year and, in particular, to the environment in which he creates. His watercolours, “the monologues of his intimate world”, are mostly created during his summertime stays on the island of Šipan, graphic prints are made in both Ljubljana and Venice, whereas paintings, “his dialogue with the world and the time”, are a product of all times and seasons. He is also involved in drawing, illustration, the creation of mosaics and tapestries. In addition, Ciuha is a poet and a writer. His works have been presented in numerous solo (almost 300) and group (over 500) exhibitions both locally and abroad, hosted by several renowned galleries. His works can be found in major international arts institutions. Ciuha has received many awards. In Slovenia, mention should be made of the Prešeren Fund Award, the Levstik Award and the Župančič Award. Abroad, he was awarded the Order of Arts and Letters and the Austrian State Prize, and granted honorary membership of the Russian Academy of Arts in Moscow.

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